Worms

 

Brandlings also called the 'Tiger Worm' due to it's striped appearance are similar in size to the redworm and are often found in composts. They make a good all round bait especially for Perch. When hooked they can release a yellow colouring. 

Dendrobaenas are a larger worm up 2 grams in weight, make an excellent hook bait for Bream, Tench & Roach, tougher skinned than redworm they stay on the hook better when casting. Large "Dendros" are ideal for chopping and adding to groundbait (if your not squeamish), the resulting "fluids" are an excellent fish attracter. The Dendro is the most commercial of all the worms.

Lobworm fished either whole or in part, usually the tail end, are the largest of the worms used in freshwater fishing. A very good bait for Chub, Carp, Bream and Barbel especially in coloured. They can be collected after dusk from lawns following heavy rain or an old trick is to water the grass with a mild solution of washing-up liquid and water. The worms will then rise to the surface.

Redworm are small worm up 1/2 a gram in weight, make a lively hook bait excellent for Roach, Bream, Tench and most freshwater fish, darker in colour than Dendrobaena are more visible in "coloured" waters. Often found in 'mature' dung  heaps.

How to Build a Wormery:

Boxes made from wood, styrofoam or other plastic material are ideal. Wood is better as it is more absorbent and provides better insulation for the worms. Metal containers should be avoided as copper and zinc may concentrate in the finished vermicompost .

A 60 x 90 cm box with a depth of 30 cm is sufficient to compost food scraps for a family of four people. Clean the box and punch small 1 cm holes all over the sides and bottom for ventilation and drainage. Line the box with several sheets of newspapers and half fill it with well-rotted moist compost. Alternatively, tear newspapers or cardboard into strips and soak in water and let drain. Fill 1/3 of the box with this shredded paper bedding and mix in soil to provide grit for the worm’s digestive system. Other materials suitable for bedding are shredded dead leaves, straw, sawdust and peat moss. Bedding made up of various materials provide more nutrients for the worms and result in better productivity.

You will require about 1000 worms to start. Cover the top with a sheet of hessian, or several pieces of newspaper to keep the environment moist and light out. Close with a tight fitting lid to keep pests and rain water away. Water well to keep moist but not soggy. Raise the box on bricks or wooden blocks and place a tray beneath to capture excess liquid which can be used as liquid plant fertilizer.

Start with a small amount of fruit and vegetable scraps in the first week, about 500 grams to begin with. Gradually increase the amount weekly as the worms begin to multiply. Every few days add water if necessary to keep the hessian damp, and the wormery moist. The worms will die if it becomes dry. Highly acidic waste such as citrus and onion peels are not recommended as the acids can kill the worms.

Assuming that you didn't remove any worms, after about six months you will probably have 8000 worms, which can devour up to 4 kilograms of food scraps a week!

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