Crucian Carp (Carassius carassius)
| Fact File: British Record 4lbs 9oz 9drm (2.085kg)|
Captor: Mr Martin Bowler
Location: Summer Pit, RMC Angling, Yateley, S. England
Year: 16th May 2003
The Crucian Carp whilst of the same family as the Common Carp is different in that it doesn't have barbules and rarely reaches a weight above 1.5 kg. It is generally found in ponds and lakes where it has the distinct advantage over many species in that it can survive in poor water quality with little oxygen and high levels of other gases whereupon other species would not. The Crucian is mainly a bottom feeder although it can be found feeding at all levels and often picking from the surface during sunny days. It's main diet is zooplankton, fauna and water plants.
The Crucian Carp can be distinguished from it's relative, the Goldfish, by it's colour being dark brownish across the back , golden or greyish green sides and a yellowish or white belly. Also the dorsal fin which is convex on the Crucian where as on the Goldfish, tends to be more concave. The leading hard ray of the dorsal fin has around 30 small barbs compared to the Goldfish's 10 - 15.
Crucian Carp when kept in the same pond as it's larger relatives can and often interbreed with the Common, Mirror or Leather Carp which in turn can present the angler with some confusion to the fishes identity, not to mention the fish itself!
Methods of Capture. Light tackle fished on or just off the bottom or around surface plants tends to be productive. Baits such as maggot, bread, bloodworm and small pieces of diced luncheon meat are effective. During the summer months try a small float fished on the drop.
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